About 49% of the FDI firms still have to bribe authorities, the
Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) reported at the launch of the
provincial competitiveness index (PCI) on March 14.
Corruption is severe in Vietnam
have been carried out with FDI firms to ask what obstacles they faced during
investment in Vietnam such as 'greasing fees' when asking for permits,
joining agreements to provide goods and services for state agencies or when
doing customs and court procedures.
However, most of the firms were reluctant to answer or didn't answer
truthfully for fear of being harassed later, especially firms from countries
that signed the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
25% of firms admitted that they had given bribes for investment permits and
13.6% said they gave commission money to compete for contracts from state
agencies. Both of these rates were lower than 2015.
32% of firms said they always faced difficulties when refusing to give
bribes, 26% often and 30% sometimes have those difficulties.
According to the VCCI, the total amount of money lost to corruption should
not include only direct bribery money but also the lost effectiveness of the
project when weak contractors are selected. The cost of projects have
increased against estimates, while the quality is often poorer.
The survey also points out that 49% of firms confirmed that they had given
bribes when doing customs procedures, a decrease of 10% from previous year.
56% agreed with the statement that state officials used the excuse to
monitoring the law compliance to ask for bribes. 19% said they decided
against lawsuits for fear of bribery in court.
On the other hand, there are also many firms actively give bribes to
officials. 45% gave bribes during inspections last year to reduce the
probability of fines. They think that bribery is common now; it's an
unwritten rule so they actively give bribes without being asked for.
"Such perceptions show the severity of corruption in Vietnam and the
difficulty of the fight against corruption. It has become so common that both
sides don't even need to mention it anymore," VCCI said in the report.