The Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs and labour
export companies have discussed cumbersome procedures and challenges facing
the sector at a meeting on March 8.
Nguyen Van Minh,
chairman of Thanh Hoa Labour and Expert Export Service JSC, said there were
far too many licences and permits. The companies have to ask for referral
letters from the provincial, district and communal authorities. Sometimes
they have the referral letters from district authorities but not the communal
authorities or not allowed to meet with the labourers.
An employee of his was detained for a night for meeting with the labourers
even though it's not illegal.
"There were times we had to wait for three months to have a licence from
district authorities. Some even told me that they haven't had any guest
labourers for years and they are fine. The Department of Labour, Invalids and
Social Affairs said they weren't authorised and need to ask the steering
committee and we don't know when the committee will hold meetings," Minh
Dam Trung Bac, director of Global Media Analysis Services, said according to
the laws, they didn't have to ask for a licence to set up their own training
centre. However, they were asked for multiple licences and permits by local
Minister of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs Dao Ngoc Dung admitted that
the procedures were complicated and there were at least 11 licences and
documents that should be removed.
According to the ministry, from 2014 to 2016, Vietnam sent 350,000 labourers
overseas annually, 126,000 were sent abroad last year. Vietnam's biggest
markets are Taiwan, Japan, South Korea and Malaysia.
However, more labourers are absconding and working illegally overseas. Pham
Hoang Tung, vice head of the Consular Department, of the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs, said 17,000 Vietnamese were working illegally in Taiwan and there
were 3,000 illegal labourers in Japan.
He went on to say that Vietnamese labourers committed most of the offences in
Japan compared to other guest workers.
Ran-away labourers and labourers who commit crimes overseas or engage in
unhealthy competition are becoming major concerns. Deputy Prime Minister Vu
Duc Dam asked the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs to deal
with the problem and improve the service quality.
He also asked the relevant agencies to publicise information about their
programmes and companies that are allowed to export labourers.