IPR enforcement helps business
HÀ NỘI - Improving enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPR) would assist the process of technology transfers, develop new products and motivate the creativity of the business community, speakers said during a conference in Hà Nội.
“Việt Nam has recognised the importance of IPR and the fight against counterfeit goods. It is being handled through the establishment of the National Steering Committee on Combating Smuggling and Trade Fraudulence in 2012, which is commonly known as National Steering Committee 389 and headed by the Standing Deputy Prime Minister,” said Đỗ Thắng Hải, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade.
Hải and other Vietnamese and foreign participants attended a round table yesterday on improving the effectiveness of co-operation among enforcement agencies in the fight against counterfeit products and IPR infringement.
According to Hải, the situation surrounding counterfeit goods and IPR violations has become increasingly complicated with more sophisticated tactics being employed, along with foreign involvement.
He noted that in order to improve the enforcement of fighting counterfeits and IPR violations, all relevant agencies and enterprises need to co-ordinate more effectively and share information about tactics, so they might seriously carry out the Prime Minister’s Decision 19/2016/QĐ-TTg signed May 6, 2016 on the responsibility and co-operation of activities among government agencies in the fight against smuggling and trade fraud.
“Moreover, the fight against counterfeits and IPR violations can’t be successful without the effective co-operation from trading and producing enterprises and the involvement of the entire society,” Hải said.
Also speaking at the conference, Lord David Terrence Puttnam, UK Prime Minister’s Trade and Cultural Envoy to Việt Nam, said the enforcement of IPR is necessary to maintain the trust of enterprises in protecting their investments.
He also highlighted the importance of IPR in Vietnamese businesses being successful, as Việt Nam increasingly integrates into the global value chain.
According to Lord Puttnam, the improvement of IPR would boost the process of technology transfers and help develop new products for enterprises.
Statistics from the ministry’s Market Surveillance Department showed that relevant agencies have inspected and identified more than 29,400 cases of intellectual property infringement, as well as fake production and sales from 2012 through early October 2016. Among them, about 2,300 cases involved the products’ use and quality; over 1,530 cases focused on geographic indications; 316 cases on IPR violations and more than 23,000 cases on packaging and merchandise stickers.
“The enforcement of IPR during the recent time has proven more effective, however, it didn’t achieve the desired results,” said Trịnh Văn Ngọc, head of the department.
Ngọc pointed out that inadequate punishment and manpower, lack of co-ordination among agencies and insufficient awareness, were included in the major challenges in dealing with violations of IPR.
Representatives of enforcement agencies suggested the building of a database network to share information and reports.
The one-day conference was held by the Market Surveillance Department and supported by the British Embassy.
Viet Nam News
Thứ Sáu, ngày 21 tháng 10 năm 2016
Moody’s reviews eight Vietnamese banks
At the same time, Moody’s affirmed the long-term B1 local currency deposit and issuer ratings of Bank for Investment & Development of Vietnam. Its caa1 baseline credit assessment (BCA) was also affirmed. The outlook on the bank’s ratings remains stable.
Vietnamese spend millions of USD at overseas casinos each year
While Vietnamese state management agencies still argue about whether to allow Vietnamese to go to domestic casinos, Vietnamese transfer hundreds of millions of dollars abroad every year and spend money at casinos.
A representative of the Ministry of Finance has said the ministry still has not agreed to allow Vietnamese to enter casinos.
The latest draft version of the government’s decree compiled by the ministry says that only foreigners and Vietnamese with foreign passports and legal entry to Vietnam can go to casinos located on Vietnamese territory.
The draft decree also says that investors must have $4 billion at least in investment capital to develop projects with casino. Investors can only build casinos if they develop the projects with service, tourism, and entertainment areas.
To date, four such projects have been licensed. Of these, the project in Quang Nam has just kicked off, while the construction of the complex in Van Don still has not begun; only a resort has been built on Phu Quoc Island.
The project in Ba Ria – Vung Tau – The Grand Ho Tram Strip is the only operational casino which has received clients for the last three years.
Investors seem to have become impatient. They said that if going to casinos is still prohibited in Vietnam, Vietnamese will go abroad to gamble, and will take dollars.
The participants at a recent workshop heard that the amount of dollars Vietnamese take abroad every year, mostly to Hong Kong, Cambodia and Singapore, is hundreds of millions of dollars.
Some experts believe the figure could be up to one billion dollars.
Michael Kelly from ACDL, said that casinos, if controlled well, would attract tourists to Vietnam and be big tax payers. He has suggested opening casinos to Vietnamese in a pilot program for three years.
He believes that three years would be long enough for Vietnam to learn from experience and create reasonable policies.
Professor Ha Ton Vinh also thinks that Vietnam needs a time long enough to collect information and analyze it.
He commented that the government of Vietnam was considering carefully the measures to manage casinos, but will not know for sure how things would go until implementation.
Kelly said if the government allows investors to develop projects on a trial basis, it needs to treat all investors equally, with no discrimination against foreign or Vietnamese.
Nam Phuong, VNN
Thứ Năm, ngày 20 tháng 10 năm 2016
Vietnamese goods could ‘sink’ together with Chinese goods
Some Vietnamese products face risks of becoming defendants in lawsuits filed by import countries that suspect Chinese goods are brought to Vietnam before they are exported to third countries in order to avoid anti-dumping duties.
Australia on October 7 released a decision on initiating an anti-dumping and anti-countervailing investigation on galvanized alloy steel imports from Vietnam.
Prior to that, the Competition Administration Department (CAD), an arm of the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT), said that cold rolled steel and carbon steel have been sued by some US companies.
In the petition to the US Department of Commerce (DOC), the plaintiff points out that since the day the US began imposing high anti-dumping and anti-countervailing duties on Chinese steel (200 percent and 256 percent, respectively), Chinese exports to the US have been on sharp decrease.
Meanwhile, the exports of these kinds from Vietnam have been increasing rapidly.
US companies believe that Chinese manufacturers tend to bring the steel to Vietnam, where they implement simple production phases before shipping to the US to avoid high duties.
Besides steel, some other products such as plastics, wooden furniture and granite, are also in the same situation.
The representative of a Vietnamese granite company said some months ago, Turkey concluded that some Vietnamese companies tried to evade the anti-dumping duty the country now imposes on imports from China.
As a result, the country decided that the anti-dumping duty applied to Chinese products would also be imposed on exports from Vietnam.
“Vietnamese companies got involved in the misfortune and lost the Turkish market,” he commented.
Threat to Vietnamese goods
Experts have voiced their concern that Chinese trade fraud will harm honest Vietnamese enterprises.
Nguyen Tri Hieu, a renowned economist, said he doubts some Vietnamese businesses lend a hand to Chinese businesses to commit trade fraud.
“The companies import finished products, pack them and label them with ‘made-in-Vietnam’ products. After that, they export the products with Vietnamese C/O (certificate of origin),” he explained.
An analyst has warned that Chinese trade fraud have had adverse effects on Vietnamese export products.
“I know many honest enterprises have become victims of unfair investigations. They have lost prestige and their products face doubts about quality by foreign partners,” he said.
Vietnam’s wooden furniture exports to the US once faced the same situation. However, Vietnamese products later escaped the anti-dumping duty after Vietnamese manufacturers could prove that the input materials were not from China.
Chi Mai, VNN
Smart rice cultivation used in the Cuu Long (Mekong) Delta province of Kien Giang helps farmers adapt to climate change. (Source: VNA)
HCM City - Experts have recommended that the Mekong Delta should expand “smart” rice cultivation to reduce production costs and increase profits.
The delta, the country’s rice granary, began a smart-rice pilot programme for this year’s summer-autumn crop with 65 participating farmers in the delta’s 12 provinces as well as Can Tho City.
The farmers, who used the model on an area of 0.5 ha each, were instructed in farming techniques, including use of proper seeds and fertilisers.
They also learned how to pump water into their fields to destroy pests before sowing rice seeds.
Speaking at a seminar held in Can Tho early this week, Mai Van Quyen, a programme consultant and former head of the Southern Institute of Agricultural Science, said that reducing the quantity of sowing seeds was a mandatory part of the programme.
All of the farmers had reduced the quantity of seeds to 74-82 kilos per ha in the summer-autumn crop, he said. Farmers who planted rice under traditional cultivation method used 104-200 kilos of seeds per ha.
The reduction of seeds had helped farmers cut costs, reduce disease and produce better rice, Quyen said.
The quantity of fertiliser used was also less compared to traditional growing methods, while the yield of paddies was 0.5-1 tonnes higher than that of traditional cultivation methods.
Tran Van Khoi, acting director of the National Agricultural Extension Centre, said agricultural production in the delta was facing difficulties because of drought and salt water intrusion caused by climate change.
Farmers using the model have had higher profits in the summer-autumn rice crop, according to the delta’s provincial agricultural extension centres.
Farmer Phan Thien Khanh from Can Tho’s Thoi Lai District said he had once used 200-250 kilos of seeds per ha but had cut back to 60-80 kilos under the new method.
His profits rose 5 million VND (230 USD) per ha compared to profits under the traditional cultivation method.
Dong Van Tiep from Hau Giang province’s Long My district said he earned a profit of 22 million VND (1,000 USD) per ha by participating in the programme.
Tiep said he would apply the smart rice cultivation model to the rest of his 2016-17 winter-spring rice crop.-VNA
Global cold chain to grow 7% annually through 2020
The global cold chain market is projected to grow at a combined annual growth rate of 7% from 2016, to reach a value of US$234.49 billion by 2020, according to a report from Research and Markets.
The report analysed the cold chain market in terms of type, application, temperature range, technology, and region.
Vietnam: The future of the cold chain industry
Per Julien Brun, general manager of CEL Consulting, the increased demand for frozen and pre-packaged foods in Vietnam is expected to drive the cold supply chain to exponential market growth over the next few years.